Judicial independence and rule of law

Notable reports and publications released by NGOs, experts, governments or international organizations on the problems related to the independence and impartiality of Turkey's justice system, respect of rule of law and fair trial principles

Opinion on July 2020 amendments to the attorneyship law (multiple bar associations law)

October 2020 - Venice Commission

Available in: English

Impunity in Turkey Today

September 2020 - Yves Haeck & Emre Turkut, Turkey Tribunal

Available in: English

Turkey: Lawyers Arrested in Terror Probe

September 2020 - Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Available in: English, Turkish

Turkey: End detention of lawyers held for representing clients, says ICJ

September 2020 - International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)

Available in: English

The İstanbul Bar Association statement on the mass detention of lawyers

September 2020 - The İstanbul Bar Association

Available in: Turkish

Implementing ECHR judgments: Council of Europe urges Turkey to release Osman Kavala

September 2020 - Council of Europe Committee of Ministers

Available in: English, French

Mass Prosecution of Lawyers in Turkey

August 2020 - The Arrested Lawyers Initiative

Available in: English, Italian (not the latest version), Spanish (not the latest version)

The Reform of Bar Associations in Turkey: Questions and Answers

July 2020 - Human Rights Watch

Available in: English, Turkish

Turkey: Plan to Divide, Undermine Legal Profession

July 2020 - Human Rights Watch

Available in: English, Turkish

Impunity: An Unchanging Rule in Turkey

June 2020 - Human Rights Defenders (HRD)

Available in: English

How Turkey's courts turned on Erdogan's foes

May 2020 - Reuters

Available in: English

NYC Bar Association Marks Lawyers' Day in Turkey, Decries Treatment of Legal Professionals

April 2020 - New York City Bar Association

Available in: English

The Judiciary in Turkey: Inefficient and Under Political Control

April 2020 - The Arrested Lawyers Initiative & Human Rights Defenders (HRD)

Available in: English

Rule of Law Index 2020

March 2020 - World Justice Project (WJP)

Available in: English, Spanish

The Turkish Judiciary's Violations of Human Rights Guarantees

January 2020 - Ali Yıldız & Leighann Spencer (Verfassungsblog)

Available in: English

Call for opinion on the Venice Commission (dismissed public servants in Turkey)

January 2020 - Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) (28 signatories)

Available in: English, French

Does the Tr. Constitutional Court Provide Effective Remedies for Human Rights Violations?

December 2019 - Ali Yıldız, IACL-AIDC Blog

Available in: English

Turkey's Judicial Reform Strategy and Judicial Independence

November 2019 - International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) & Human Rights Joint Platform (İHOP)

Available in: English, Turkish

Access to Justice in Turkey? A Review of the State of Emergency Inquiry Commission

October 2019 - Turkey Human Rights Litigation Support Project

Available in: English

The independence of judges and the judiciary under threat

September 2019 - Dunja Mijatovic, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights

Available in: English, French

Report on the non-impartiality and non-independence of the Turkish criminal justice system

August 2019 - Human Rights Defenders (HRD)

Available in: Turkish

CoE Commissioner's call on the Turkish government to stop the arbitrariness in the judiciary

July 2019 - Dunja Mijatovic, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights

Available in: English, French

The Collapse of the Rule of Law and Human Rights in Turkey

June 2019 - The Human Rights Foundation

Available in: English

Lawyers on Trial: Abusive Prosecutions and Erosion of Fair Trial Rights in Turkey

April 2019 - Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Available in: English, Turkish

Rule of Law Index 2019

February 2019 - World Justice Project (WJP)

Available in: English, Spanish

Solidarity with Turkish lawyers - Basic report

January 2019 - European Democratic Lawyers (AED)

Available in: English

Failure of Strasbourg Against Turkish Encounter

December 2018 - Platform for Peace and Justice (PPJ)

Available in: English

The Turkish Criminal Peace Judgeships and International Law

October 2018 - International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)

Available in: English, Turkish

Turkish Criminal Peace Judgeships

September 2018 - Platform for Peace and Justice (PPJ)

Available in: English

İHD Report and Recommendations for the Elimination of Injustice in Penal Legislation

September 2018 - Human Rights Association (İHD)

Available in: English, Turkish

Justice Suspended: Access to Justice and the State of Emergency in Turkey

July 2018 - International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)

Available in: English, Turkish

Non-Independence and Non-Impartiality of the Turkish Judiciary

March 2018 - Platform for Peace and Justice (PPJ)

Available in English: the original report (2017) / the updated report (2018)

CoE's Perspectives on the Rule of Law and Human Rights in Turkey

February 2018 - Platform for Peace and Justice (PPJ)

Available in: English

Rule of Law Index 2017-2018

January 2018 - World Justice Project (WJP)

Available in: English

Erdoğan's Rule by Royal Decree: Turkey's Contempt for the Rule of Law

September 2017 - Stockholm Center for Freedom (SCF)

Available in: English

Turkey's Descent Into Arbitrariness: The End of Rule of Law

April 2017 - Stockholm Center for Freedom (SCF)

Available in: English

Opinion on the Amendments to the Constitution (Adoption of the presidential system)

March 2017 - Venice Commission

Available in: English

Opinion on the Duties, Competences and Functioning of the Criminal Peace Judgeships

March 2017 - Venice Commission

Available in: English, Turkish

Is the state of emergency inquiry commission an effective remedy?

February 2017 - Kerem Altıparmak, Human Rights Joint Platform (İHOP)

Available in: English, Turkish

Opinion on Emergency Decree Laws Nos. 667-676 Adopted Following the Failed Coup

December 2016 - Venice Commission

Available in: English, Turkish

Turkey: the Judicial System in Peril

June 2016 - International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)

Available in: English

Venice Commission Declaration on Interference with Judicial Independence in Turkey

June 2015 - Venice Commission

Available in: English

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